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3.11 Earthquake
日々のできごと/ Daily life
アジア/ Asia
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石器文化研究会 シンポジウム
from 黒く光る石と黒く動く虫


2012年 08月
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Ninja analyse






カテゴリ:Archaeology(English)( 11 )

Geomorphology and Geoarchaeology of Musashino upland

Musashino upland is my main field of research. Here I show basics of geomorphology and geoarchaeology of Musashino upland with some illustrations.

1)Musashino upland: location and geography
 Musashino upland is at southwest of Kanto Plain, central of Honshu I. (The main Island of Japan). It covers most of Tokyo Metropolis and southwestern part of Saitama Pref. It is connected with eastern foot of Kanto Range in west, separated from other part of Kanto Plain by Iruma-gawa R., Arakawa R., Tokyo Lowland and Tokyo Bay, Tamagawa R.. (see google map: new window)
Geomorphology and Geoarchaeology of Musashino upland_a0186568_9552430.jpg
 This map is generated by Kashmir3D with 50mDEM distributed by GSI-JAPAN.

2)Geomorphology of Musashino upland
Present landform of almost part of Musashino upland is based on alluvial fan, flood plain and delta of extended palaeo-Tamagawa R. during MIS-5.
Geomorphology and Geoarchaeology of Musashino upland_a0186568_1021779.jpg
This map shows 10m contour lines by 50m DEM of GSI-JAPAN and river valley and lowlands from 1:25 000 land use map (xml datum by JPGIS1.0).
Contour lines in western part represent fan form. Meandering pattern of valleys in central and eastern part indicate area of flood plain.
However almost meandering valleys in central part are just as depression without any stream, only occasional flood after heavy rain at present. It means, the hydrological setting of central part of Musashino upland is very poor.

3)Land utilization history: view from archaeological sites distribution
Overlying archaeological sites distribution according to Tokyo Metropolitan Archaeological Sites Map (only in Japanese). *Notice: blank area at northern part is... not worked yet. Now I'm generating sites distribution map of Saitama Prefecture.
Geomorphology and Geoarchaeology of Musashino upland_a0186568_1020126.jpg
There are so many clusters of sites along small valleys within Musashino upland. Most clusters are stratified, from Upper Palaeolithic, Jomon to Ancient and Medieval Age. Continuity of settlement area indicate particular trend to demand water resources from streams. However in south-central part of the upland, there are less sites, settlements because of poor hydrological setting. There are only sparse distribution of small sites, no settlements. This settlement pattern had continued from Jomon Age till construction of Tamagawa-josui canal in 1772. Musashi Denen Bo, book of geography edited under Tokugawa Shogunate in 1649-50 said 'There is no village, only grassland for 24km after Tanashi station...' After construction of Tamagawa-josui and its branches, widely development (so-called 'Shin'den-kaihatsu') had started and this are was transformed into farming village, from uninhabited land.
In north of blank area, there are another clusters of sites and settlements. These are along Yanase-gawa R. and Kurome-gawa R. Valley of these two rivers are clearly shown in the first map. It indicates that these two river valleys had deep incised after sea level reducing during MIS-3. Both sides of valley are steep cliff lines. Underflow water of alluvial fan are reappeared here. So along these two rivers, settlements concentrated and continued.

4)Profile of Musashino upland
This is a profile of Musashino upland of A-B line in above map, generated byKashmir 3D, with 50mDEM by GSI-JAPAN.
Geomorphology and Geoarchaeology of Musashino upland_a0186568_10441640.jpg
The watershed is around 4.5km post. It is close to Kokubunji cliff line which dissects the upper Musahino terrace and the lower Tachikawa terrace. The basement of Musashino upland is inclined to north. Shallow valley, such as Sengawa R. is remnant of relatively high sea-level period of MIS-5. Deeper incised Kurome-gawa River valley was formed during MIS-3. Very steep Kokubunji cliff line was formed by the largest see-level down in LGM.
Another important fact is the location of Tamagawa-josui canal. It is constructed along the highest point in the upland. So it could redistribute its water resources for both north and south of watershed. It is really incredible carrying out great construction without areal survey in the Late Feudal Age.

On these background, now I'm working on detail geomorphology and its concerning with long-term continuity or changing on settlement pattern. My another project 'Jomon regional' is of course a part of this working.
by asiansophia | 2011-08-19 11:27 | Archaeology(English)

Jomon Regional: prologue

I am engaging to edit the excavation report of Shimohara & Fujimi-cho sites.
The first volume on Modern Age excavation is already published. I should complete the second volume on Jomon Age until the end of this fiscal year 2011.
Now I am researching about regional aspect of Jomon sites distribution in behavioural context...
Jomon Regional: prologue_a0186568_2362875.jpg
This map is not for my sites. Neighboring Tobitakyu site, 3km south of my sites and located beside Fuchu cliff-line which divided the Late Pleistocene upland from the Holocene alluvial plain.
Orange shadows are excavated area until now. Many preventive excavation are carried out before construction of roads, railways and buildings. This is not special case but common in Tokyo.
Black triangles indicate localities in which Jomon structures or artefacts were uncovered.
These series of maps are generated by Arc GIS with Tokyo Digital map (1:2,500 topography datum).
As you see, distribution of Jomon localities are obviously concentrated in southern and western part of the site. Otherwise there is no Jomon locations in northern part.
Locations of the Ancient Age are distributed in northern part. So this map shows trend in Jomon locations distribution.
Jomon Regional: prologue_a0186568_23132483.jpg
This seems as same as former one, but you can see small green dots in excavated Jomon locatlities. These dots indicate actual position of uncovered Jomon structure, such as dwelling pits, stone heaps in pit or other unknown pits.
There is a long excavated area on road, like across southern part of the site. Distribution of structures inside this locality is not evenly nor random, but concentrated in some locations.
'The Site' is not massive nor evenly substance. Sites are consisted with many localities.
Jomon Regional: prologue_a0186568_2361027.jpg
This is a same map as second one but changing background to contour and gradation map generated from 10m-mesh DEM by GSI Japan. It is clear that most effective factor is distance from cliff-kine. However micro-sale correlation between geomorphology and each Jomon localities are no clear in this resolution level. It must be examined with more detailed datum or another approach.

Further research:
Up to now, most research on distribution or territoriality are discussed on small-scale topography map (e.g.1:25,000 or smaller scale). In those case, 'a site' was expressed as simple dot without any spatial expanse and diversity.
However our generated map shows obviously diversity and non-evenness within such a 'simple dot'. 'A site' should contain various localities of activities and even blank area between such localities.
In our case, there is two different tendency. Along the cliff-line, density of activity indicated with number of structures is continuously fluctuated. Otherwise off the cliff-line, density of activity seems suddenly disappeared. This indicate obviously difference on land utilization pattern by Jomon people. Their activity is clearly concentrated along cliff-line.
Research and analysis on other sites are on going now. Also we set further information such as chronology (more resolved), type of structure, associated artefacts and so on.
I will show next step of our progress later...wait for a moment!

Now I am building up web-site on Shimohara and Fujimi-cho sites excavation. For the moment it is opened with tentative limited contents. If you have interesting with our excavation and research, please visit my web-site (click here).

Ms.Mayumi KURASAWA and Mr.Masahiro ICHIKAWA are gathering information, operating GIS application and generating maps shown here.
by asiansophia | 2011-06-06 00:35 | Archaeology(English)

Some trends in Japanese archaeology: the 77th Annual Meeting of JAA

Some trends in Japanese archaeology: the 77th Annual Meeting of JAA_a0186568_1758243.jpgThe 77th Annual Meeting of Japanese Archaeological Association (JAA) have been held at Kokugakuin University, Tokyo.
JAA is the largest association for archaeologists in Japan, established in 1948, and now has about 4,200 members. Annual meeting of of JAA is conventionally held on 2days (Saturday and Sunday) in May. It seems too short schedule for such a large association. But it is caused by the character of member of JAA; majority of them are public or private company employees engaging cultural property and heritage management and it is difficult to join weekdays meeting. So we take place annual meeting and commemorative lectures on Saturday, and presentations on Sunday.
In the 77th annual meeting, 7 special sessions, 44 oral presentations and 23 poster presentations are submitted.

Title of special sessions are as follows (translation is not official, in my sense):session#1
Thinking ancient ritual structure through archaeological settings: methodology and perspective on Shinto archaeology
Use-wear/ or traceological studies on pottery: reconstruction of cooking method of Jomon, Yayoi and Haji-ki pottery refer with soot and burnt charcoal on pottery
Jomon agriculture revisited: with special reference to recent advances in archaeo-ethonobotany
Collaborative studies of archaeology and osteo-archaeology: on the case of Pleistocene human skeletal remains uncovered from Siraho-Saonetabaru Cave, Ishigaki City, Okinawa Pref., Japan
Searching on the difference of learning ability to make stone tools between Homo neandertalensis and H.sapiens
Archaeology in education: how teach Yayoi and Kofun Age for children, practice and problem
Great East Japan Disaster and archaeology: an urgent report of influence on cultural property and heritage management, and reexamination of post Great Hanshin earthquake campaign

The session#1 is on methodology of ritual archaeology especially on ancient Shinto concerning with history, Shinto studies and theoretical archaeology.
The session#2 is on functional studies of pottery with experimental archaeology.
The session#3 is on archaeo-ethonbotanical study to search domesticated plant remains in Japanese Is. Some presentations are including recent advantages in SEM examination of inprint on potsherds.
The session#4 is on palaeoanthoropological case study of Pleistocene skeletal remains from Shiraho-Saonetabaru Cave at Ishigaki I. (see the link page)
The session#5 is the prehistoric archaeological section of inter-disciplinary research project of 'Replacement of Neanderthals by Modern Humans: testing evolutionary models of learning'.
The session#6 and #7 are carried by special committees of JAA, issues on relation between community of archaeology/ archaeologists and public soceity.

About oral presentations, subject age or region are as follows (some are counted twice) :
Some trends in Japanese archaeology: the 77th Annual Meeting of JAA_a0186568_1875862.jpg・Palaeolithic Age: 4
・Jomon Age: 9
・Yayoi Age: 3
・Kofun Age: 2
・Ancient Age: 4
・Medieval Age: 1
・Edo period (late feudal): 1
・Modern Age: 4
・Northern Island (Hokkaido): 1
・Southwest (Nansei) Is.: 2
・Korean Pen.:3
・China: 3
・Siberia and Far-eastern Russia: 2
・Southeast Asia: 3
・Central America: 1
・Ethnoarchaeology: 1

About poster presentations, subject age or region are as follows (some are counted twice) :
Some trends in Japanese archaeology: the 77th Annual Meeting of JAA_a0186568_1812114.jpg・Palaeolithic Age: 0
・Jomon Age: 7
・Yayoi Age: 2
・Kofun Age: 1
・Ancient Age: 0
・Medieval Age: 0
・Edo period (late feudal): 2
・Modern Age: 3
・Southwest (Nansei) Is.: 1
・Far-eastern Russia: 1
・Ritual archaeology: 1
・Ethnoarchaeology: 1
・Archaeology and public: 5

These numbers are not directly reflected recent trend of Japanese archaeology. Prehistoric studies are more active than last year, I think. The first time introducing of special session system might effect on submitting of presentation.
(If you can read Japanese, see original program from here)
by asiansophia | 2011-05-29 22:41 | Archaeology(English)

Archaeology of WWII in Japan

(this is an English version of former posted article on 18, May)
The Asahi Sinbun, a major newspaper in Japan, carries an article about the digital archive on Japan Air Raids during WWII.
This archive is projected by Cary Karacas, Assoc.Prof. of CUNY and Bret Fisk, author and translator living in Japan. Their contents are various and solid, including both English and Japanese documents, photographs, list of research articles and audio/ video records including voices of survivor from the largest Air Raid on Tokyo, 10, March, 1945.

And the reason why I am interested with this archive project is...
Archaeology of WWII in Japan_a0186568_23451441.jpgI have engaged in the excavation of Shimohara & Fujimi-cho sites for more than 4years. Sites are complex of prehistoric and Modern Age. There were once a part of Chofu Airfield which used by Imperial Japanese Army as a base of air defence of Tokyo. These pictures are a uncovered shelter for air fighter in the excavation, concrete basement and gravel approach. Also we have found many equipments of both Japanese Army and the Occupation Allied Forces.
Archaeology of WWII in Japan_a0186568_23233160.jpgWe excavated and analysed them with archaeological eyes and methods. Our results and conclusion would extend and review with correlation to historical studies. Of course we are archaeologists so we have done as what we are, but it is not at all. We must refer with another realm or discipline. And we must open our results for outside of our community.

Archaeology of WWII in Japan_a0186568_23234449.jpg

I think, digital archives on world wide web have so big potential to make great deal on inter-disciplinary studies. It is not only on Modern Age but also for prehistory. Sure, we cannot refer any historical documents in prehistory, but we can refer with geological, palaeo-environmental, palaeo-climatic studies and so on. In this sense, we must project to open our original materials and records instead of our archaeological stories.
We don't have an enough consensus on this issue in Japanese Archaeology for the moment, but in future...
by asiansophia | 2011-05-20 23:29 | Archaeology(English)

The day of the disestar...I was in Delhi

Dear colleagues,
As you know, now we Japanese are in very hard situation.
I'm now in Tokyo with my family. All of we are fine and in safe.
However, I can say nothing for victims of the disestar...I deeply regret for all people who face against the earthquake, Tsunami or Nuclear crisis in this time...

On that time, I was in India. I was on the airplane from Pune to Dehli.
When we checked in YMCA, New Delhi, a front clerk make us to watch CNN/ or BBC breaking news. This was the first time for us to know what happened in Japan. It was about 16:30 (Indian Standard Time), about 5hours after the earthquake occured.
However, what told in breaking news was not clear for us. For the moment, we couldn't understand in detail. OK. it should be in Japan, but when? where? and what was going on? Casters repeated only 'Japane disaster' or 'Big earthquake and Tsunami'. So how could we know in which part of Japan? Even reporter were at Hawai or Far Eastern Russia...

Soon later, we realized that it was in the north-eastern part (so-called Tohoku) region of Japan. But it was unbeliavablie videos. I have a bit of knowledge on seismology and geology of this region. However what I watched on that time was too incredible to understand with ordinary knowledge...
They said Tsunami hit Sendai City and its adjacent areas. It means...seismic origin should be in 'Miyagi-ken-oki (off Miyagi Pref.)' or 'Sanriku-oki (off Sanriku coast)' , however it should not be prospected to hit Tokyo-bay by Tsunami caused those earthquakes. So...what happened in Japan? Only the possibile case is...multiple mega-scale earthquake was occured along Japan Trench. It may be the worst case that seismologists expected...but actually both CNN and BBC reported large-scale fire on oil factory at Ichihara, close to Tokyo City!
We needed more detailed information, but how? International phone was not available on that time in YMCA, because of 'no phone-call card'...Then I and Ayumu went to our friend's shop: Premier's Foods & Bevarages at Gole Market. Mr.Ashok Jain, manager and Ms.Ritu Maheshwari kindly provided us both internet and international phone-call and took much care with us. We really appreciate them. We were so encouraged with their heartful help.
Mr.Ashok told us that he could touch his friend in Sendai and Tokyo. Then we understood that international phone-call was not broken out. It was a hope for us.
Also we were sure what happened in Japan by internet streaming news. CNN, BBC and other English news were of course accurate but they couldn't tell which street in local town or district were hit by Tsunami... So we were very lucky in Delhi. If we were in Pune or Chandigarh...it was slight difficult to access those Japanese information. By internet information, I was sure that there were some fire and injuries in bay-area, but Tokyo was almost OK. Problem was...trafics and communications caused by complementary electoric down.
After so many times calling on mobile and sending e-mail messages, Ayumu could touch his family at first. Then I also touched with my wife. She told that she was at 30km distant from our residence. Both she and our children were in safe. But she couldn't back for our children in their nursery...
If I was in my office, I could pick them up until 1 hour by foot. But I was in Delhi on that time. I couldn't do anything...
My wife had got rent-a-car and tried to back for our children. I really respected her tactful decision. She should spend more than 10hours for 30km at last. However without this action, she should be stopped in distant place...
And so many our colleagues asked us about our safety. We really thank for Dr.Shinde, Dr.Mishra and Dr.Mukesh Singh and so on.
Anyway we could touch with our families...so next we should confirm our flight back to Japan...this is another story should be told.

The day of the disestar...I was in Delhi_a0186568_0441851.jpgThe day of the disestar...I was in Delhi_a0186568_0443312.jpg

Premier's Foods & Bevarages, 16/7, Doctor's Lane, Gole Market, New Delhi
by asiansophia | 2011-03-20 23:48 | Archaeology(English)

Excavation of Tsukimino-kamino site Loc.14

Excavation of Tsukimino-kamino site Loc.14_a0186568_21112024.jpg It is the one of lustrous excavation on Tsukimino sites in Japanese Upper Palaeolithic research history. In 1968-69, because of large-scale land development, Tsukimino sites, Yamato City, Kanagawa Pref. were faced to destruction. Then some young archaeologists formed investigation group and carried out rescue excavation at 10 localities. This project acieved large progress in chronology and spatial analysis in Japanese Upper Palaeolithic studies.
    aerial photo on Nov 1964                   aerial photo on Jun 1969
    (before land development)                   (under land development)
Excavation of Tsukimino-kamino site Loc.14_a0186568_23111921.jpgExcavation of Tsukimino-kamino site Loc.14_a0186568_23114174.jpg

(from leaflet by Yamato City Board of Education)

Excavation of Tsukimino-kamino site Loc.14_a0186568_2150590.jpg The site, Tsukimino-kamino Loc.14 is situated in the series of Tsukimino sites location. The excavation is as rescue operation before construction of old folks home. The excavation area is around 1,000m2.
 After the excavation of black soil layers including from Jomon to modern age, Upper Palaeolithic investigation has began.

Excavation of Tsukimino-kamino site Loc.14_a0186568_2212430.jpg
 Lower yellowish layers beneath black soil lyaers are Tachikawa Loam (TcL) formation. This is upper to terminal Pleistocene tephric loess.

Excavation of Tsukimino-kamino site Loc.14_a0186568_22553066.jpg

 The left picture shows standard stratigraphy of the upper TcL. Archaeologically devided into 4 sub-divisions such as L1S, B0, L1H and B1 (from top to bottom). Supposed datings are also shown in this picture.
 This area (Sagamino upland) has most high-resolved stratigraphy in the upper TcL. The temporal sequence of industries is well-grasped and treated as standard for chronology of Japanese Late to Final Upper Palaeolithic.
 However there remain some problems...TcL is so consecutive formation that it is difficult to distinguish small units.

Excavation of Tsukimino-kamino site Loc.14_a0186568_2304252.jpg Also soil disturbance by bio- and clioturbation process must be reminded. The left picture shows primary condition of uncovered artefacts ( They are kept on primary 3-dimensional position until recorording with total station system). The range of vertical position is dispersed 30-80cm. So it is difficult to identify the original level of occupation.

Excavation of Tsukimino-kamino site Loc.14_a0186568_024196.jpgExcavation of Tsukimino-kamino site Loc.14_a0186568_0243396.jpgExcavation of Tsukimino-kamino site Loc.14_a0186568_024446.jpgExcavation of Tsukimino-kamino site Loc.14_a0186568_0245431.jpg

 However large number of excavation lead us to elucidate a trend on temporal sequences. Above pictures show typical assemblages from B2, B1 lower, B1 upper to L1H layer (from left to right) in Tsukimino sites. There are some typical tendency in changing of industry such as; typological change on backed blade and emergence of bifacial point (B2-B1 lower), increase of bifacial point and fall of backed blade (B1 lower-upper) and finally disappearance of backed blade.

Excavation of Tsukimino-kamino site Loc.14_a0186568_2323552.jpg Common procedure of excavation of Upper Palaeolithic sites is as following:
1) dig sounding pits (habitually set 2m square), 2) extend excavation area when artefatcs are uncovered, 3) carefully dig with shovel, however TcL is so tremendously hard that workers need to expertness, 4) keep artefacts in their primary position and record them in 3-dimensional with total station system, 5) dig down until nothing is uncovered...
 This is really hard work with endurance. Moreover in winter season!
 The researcher will spend 2 months for this excavation. For the mometn they find more than 10 lithic concentrations and some artefacts. This locality is situated among ather localities already excavated. It seems that those localities consist a large residential occupation in L1H layer with bifacial points. Raw material of bifacial points are different in each locality. It will be good indicators for mobility of human groups who occupied this site. It is anticipated that the analysis of spatial components of site is progress.

Tsukimino-kamino site Loc.14
35.504°N, 139.458°E

by asiansophia | 2011-02-21 00:56 | Archaeology(English)

Early Upper Palaeolithic Pitfalls in the south foot of Mt.Fuji area

Early Upper Palaeolithic Pitfalls in the south foot of Mt.Fuji area_a0186568_22394517.jpgIt was in 1986 at Hatsunegahara Loc.B-1 site in Mishima City, Shizuoka Pref. 4 pits were uncovered beneath wide distributed tephra from Aira caldera in south- western Japan (A-Tn: 28.59±0.7cal kyr BP: Aoki et al.2008).
A scond discovery was in 1988 at Hatsunegahara Loc.A-2. 9 pits were uncovered from same layer as well as former discoveries. And it seemed arch-line distributed. After 47 pits were uncovered for the moment. Those pits are distributed crossing a narrow ridge like as blocking a pass on a ridge.
Early Upper Palaeolithic Pitfalls in the south foot of Mt.Fuji area_a0186568_22403446.jpg

above: a profile of pitfall,
Hatsunegahara site

below: distribution of pitfalls in Loc.B-3.
Early Upper Palaeolithic Pitfalls in the south foot of Mt.Fuji area_a0186568_22504132.jpg

Nowadays, these pits are popular on EUP lavels in this area. So many pits are uncovered. They are usually distributed crossing a narrow ridge. Some scholaras claim that these characteristic distribution indicates trap-pit hunting. Recently Prof.Hiroyuki Sato (The Univ.of Tokyo) reviews in 'Late Pleistocene trap-pit hunting in the Japanese Archipelago',Quaternary Internationl, in press, doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2010.11.026
If you are interested with this, please participate in our dual symposia, 4th APA and Modern Human Behaviour symposium. This time, we; organizing comittee are planning short trip to this area. Unfortunately there will be no opened excavation. But you can touch geographical context and landscaepe. Also we will provide a brief presentation with rich pictures. We will discuss their condition and significance.

Early Upper Palaeolithic Pitfalls in the south foot of Mt.Fuji area_a0186568_2325160.jpg

by asiansophia | 2011-02-18 23:39 | Archaeology(English)

Pak-Jap Archaeological mission 2004-07 Peshawar (2)

Our research and reassesment work on pottery of Gumla site has already presented at 19th International Conference on South Asian Archaeology, 02-06 July 2007, Bologna University, Ravenna, Italy, by Dr.Akinori Uesugi.
Pak-Jap Archaeological mission 2004-07 Peshawar (2)_a0186568_3225950.jpgHere I will illustrate a summary of re- assement work on chipped stone tools of Rehman Dehri site.
Rehman Dehri (RHD) is the well-known Early Harappan site. The site is at Dera Ismail Khan district, Khyber Pakhtonkhwa Province (former NWFP), Pakistan, 31°57'00"N, 70°46'00"E. The site is located in Gomal Plain, on the right bank of Indus.

Pak-Jap Archaeological mission 2004-07 Peshawar (2)_a0186568_3263525.jpg

< aerial view of RHD mound

Pak-Jap Archaeological mission 2004-07 Peshawar (2)_a0186568_3283648.jpg

RHD mound view from east >

The site was excavated by Prof. Farazand A. Durrani (Peshawar University), in 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980 and 1991. Excavation reports are published as special volumes of Ancient Pakistan (Bulletin of the department of Pak-Jap Archaeological mission 2004-07 Peshawar (2)_a0186568_3511994.jpgarchaeology, Univ. of Peshawar).
Researchers recognized 3 period on stratigraphy and pottery typology. RHDI, the lowest level is Tochi-Gomal phase. RHDII and III are Kot-Diji phase. And the site was deserted before the Mature Harappan period.
Rich materials including not only pottery but also beads made of gold, lapis-lazri and other semi-precious stones, ivoly, talc paste and teracotta, seals, figurines and other miscellaneous objects were uncovered from each Pak-Jap Archaeological mission 2004-07 Peshawar (2)_a0186568_425080.jpg layers.
A large number of chipped stones were also un- covered. However there are no detailed description of stone tools.
Therefore our reassesment work started on classification and measurement of each pieces of chipped stone.
(to be continued)

Pak-Jap Archaeological mission 2004-07 Peshawar (2)_a0186568_485913.jpgPak-Jap Archaeological mission 2004-07 Peshawar (2)_a0186568_484554.jpg < carved bone seal,
left: 2 mountain goats (obverse side), right: 2 scorpions with frog (reverse side)

Pak-Jap Archaeological mission 2004-07 Peshawar (2)_a0186568_4122424.jpgPak-Jap Archaeological mission 2004-07 Peshawar (2)_a0186568_412341.jpg < excavation reports,
left: Durrani ed.(1988) Excavations in the Gomal Valley: Rehman Dheri Excavation Report No.1 (Ancient Pakistan vol.VI).
right: Durrani, Ali & Erdosy(1994-95) Excavations in the Gomal Valley: Rehman Dheri Report No.2(Ancient Pakistan vol.10).

source of photos and maps
map image: modefied from satelite images by World WindTM
RHD mound and staratigraphy: from Durrani ed.(1988)
RHD beads: exhibition of Peshawar University Museum
RHD seal: from Durrani, Ali & Erdosy(1994-95)

Do not reuse and reproduce any photos.
by asiansophia | 2011-02-14 04:24 | Archaeology(English)

Additional information for Dual Symposia

About field trip
Additional information for Dual Symposia_a0186568_21374314.jpgAs mentioned in the 2nd circular, we, organizing comitee plans one day field trip to the south foot of Mt.Fuji area, especially Numazu City (沼津市), Shizuoka Prefecture (静岡県). You can see the beautiful Mt.Fuji, if weather is fine. Also you will enjoy fresh and delicious seafoods served directly from fishing port.
However most important interestings for Palaeolithic archaeologists are rich archaeological sites, records and artefacts of this area.

Additional information for Dual Symposia_a0186568_21582194.jpg

This area is the one of well-known concentration spot of Upper Palaeolithic site in Japan, with thick tephra-deposition. Almost sites include stratified occupation floor which can distinguish by tephra and palaeosols. Recently many preventive excavation projects because of Dai 2 Tomei motorway (第二東名自動車道) constrution are carried out. And AMS datings are updated. So this area will be the standard for the choronological sysytem of Japanese Upper Palaeolithic studies. We plans to show the typical staratigraphy in the field (not fixed).
Additional information for Dual Symposia_a0186568_22111667.jpgAnother topics are pitfall structures and obsidian procurement in Early Upper Palaeolithic. Recently much number of pitfall structures are uncovered beneath the dated tephra. Also obsidian materials from Kozu-shima Is.(神津島) are identified with XRF analysis. However Kozu-shima Is. is distant about 60km from the nearest part of mainland (Izu Pen.) and had never phisically connected with mainland even in LGM.
We will make brief presentations about those topics with rich pictures and show you original materials from sites including Kozu-shima Is. obsidian.
We believe that this field trip program will provide exciting experience for you.

notice: program of the field trip is not fixed. Please wait our updating for detail.

souce of pictures
Mt.Fuji: http://www.city.numazu.shizuoka.jp/kankou/asobu/osezaki/index.htm
Tephrastratigraphy: http://ooisivolcano.cool.ne.jp/2002tephrasympo/2002tephrasympo.htm
Outcrops of obsidian, Kozu-shima Is.: http://www.meiji.ac.jp/koho/hus/html/dtl_0007136.html

by asiansophia | 2011-02-13 22:20 | Archaeology(English)

The Modern Human Behaviour Symposium & the 4th APA Congress

Dear Colleagues,
We are organizing a dual symposia: the Emergence of Modern Human Behavior in Paleolithic Asia & the 4th Annual Meeting of Asian Paleolithic Association.
It will be held at the National Museum of Nature and Science, Tokyoduring 25-30 June 2011 including one-day field trip. We Detailed information is on the official website of the National Museum of Nature and Science, Tokyo.
All of you are cordially to submit an abstract for the conference. For further information, please click above symposia title. Another window will open for the offical website.

About the National Museum of Nature and Science, Tokyo.
The Modern Human Behaviour Symposium & the 4th APA Congress_a0186568_15542119.jpgIt is the first and only national museum for Natural Science and Technology in Japan, with a large number of collection and excellent exhibitions on geology, palaeontology, anthoropology, biology, technology and engineering, and so on. There is most up-dated body reconstrucion model of H.Froresiensis.
The museum is situated within Ueno Park, with Tokyo National Museum, the National Museum of Western Arts, Ueno Zoological Garden and some historical or photogenic places. You will be able to enjoy those splendid museums and their collections too.

About the Asian Paleolithic Association (APA)
It is established in 2008 with Chinene, Japanese, Korean and Russian (order in alphabetical) scholars. The 1st annual meeting was held at Novossibirsk, Russia in June 2008. The 2nd meeting was held at Beijing, China in Sptember-October 2009. The 3rd meeting was held at Gongju, Korea in October 2010. At those meetings, many scholars have joined to discuss about whole subjects on Palaeolithic archaeology, palaeoanthropology and palaeoenvironment. Participants are not only from 4 countries but also from whole world. The titel of 'Asian' doesn't mean the limitation of membership. It just indicates the aim and subject. And the association should extend to other Asian countries. (following pitctures are the 3rd APA meeting in Korea)
The Modern Human Behaviour Symposium & the 4th APA Congress_a0186568_1627540.jpgThe Modern Human Behaviour Symposium & the 4th APA Congress_a0186568_16293568.jpg

The Modern Human Behaviour Symposium & the 4th APA Congress_a0186568_16295187.jpgThe Modern Human Behaviour Symposium & the 4th APA Congress_a0186568_16302187.jpg

The Modern Human Behaviour Symposium & the 4th APA Congress_a0186568_1644279.jpgtop left: Prof.Eric Böeda (Fance) in discussion, top right: Prof. Hiroyuki Sato (Japan) in discussion, middle left: mid-day excusion at Seokjangni Museum, middle right: presetation at Seokjangni site excavation field, bottom left: observation of Seikjangni Palaeolithic material; Dr.Sh.Mishla (India), Prof. Sue O'Connor (Australia) and Dr.Wang Youping (China) are in the picture
by asiansophia | 2011-02-13 17:09 | Archaeology(English)